• Most cases are idiopathic and treatment is unknown.
• Reduction in urine specific gravity and changes in urine pH may reduce nucleation of minerals over osseous surfaces. See specific urolith recommendations (e.g. CaOx) for preventing mineral types that formed over osseous portion at at z.umn.edu/mnurolithRX.
• PUBLICATON: Ectopic Bone as a Nidus for Calcium Oxalate Urocystolithiasis in a Cat, Lulich, J.P., Prasad, H.S., Manno, M. and Bagley, B. (2017), J Vet Intern Med. doi:10.1111/jvim.14859.