• Urine cultures every 1 to 3 months and with urinary signs to prevent struvite.
• Serum bile acids in hepatic shunt breeds (e.g. Yorkshire terrier, Min Schnauzer, Maltese, Pug, Shih Tzu).
• Genetic tests for hyperuricosuria variant (vgl.ucdavis.edu/test/hyperuricosuria) in suspected breeds (e.g. Bulldog, Black Russian terrier, Labrador, American Staffordshire terrier, Weimaraner, others) Most Dalmatians are positive for this mutation.