Legal Statements

Terms and Use Conditions


未經明尼蘇達尿石中心授權代表書面許可,嚴禁發表或重製本網站文本、圖片或內容 (「素材」)。您不得販售、修改、列印、複製、重製、下載、傳輸、散播、公開展示、發表、編輯、改編、彙編本網站發佈的素材,或藉以創作衍生作品。縱有上述規定,但您可基於個人、非商業用途,下載素材或列印單一副本,用於管理下泌尿道疾病的病患。


Privacy Policy

Last Updated: May 25, 2018

The Minnesota Urolith Center - University of Minnesota respects the privacy of web site visitors to the extent permitted by law. The online privacy statement is intended to inform you of what information is collected by this web site and how the information is used.

Your use of web sites is subject to the privacy statement of the providers of those web sites. We encourage you to be aware when you leave this web site and to read the privacy statement on each web site you visit.


  • We do not sell, rent, trade, or distribute any personally identifiable information obtained from visitors to a third party without your permission, except as required by law.

  • We do use Hawthorne Mackenzie Digital to facilitate our site’s operation. This Minnesota Urolith Center Privacy Policy governs their use of non-personal or personal information.
  • Cookies are used for various purposes within websites to gather information and facilitate navigation. This site uses cookies to help manage the website and improve service. You can configure your browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent.

Non-Personally Identifiable Information

The Minnesota Urolith Center collects non-personal information about your Internet connection on this web site, including but not limited to:

  • the Internet Protocol and the name of the Internet domain you used to access the Internet

  • the IP address or URL of the web site from which you directly linked to this web site

  • the date and time you accessed this web site

  • the pages visited on this web site

  • the browser and operating system you used to access this web site

The Minnesota Urolith Center uses this non-personal information to help manage the web site and improve service.

The Minnesota Urolith Center uses Google Analytics to gather statistics about web traffic. Information sent to Google Analytics is anonymized; specifically, the last octect of your IP address is removed before it is sent to Google. For more information, read Google Analytic’s privacy policy.

Personally Identifiable Information

Our data gathering and dissemination are governed by state and federal laws, including the Minnesota Government Data Practices Act, Minnesota Statutes, Chapter 13. Personally identifiable information is not released to external parties without your consent unless required by law.

We use appropriate safeguards to ensure the security, integrity, and privacy of personally identifiable information submitted to our site and periodically update measures with new technologies.

When appropriate, the Minnesota Urolith Center uses encryption technologies, user authentication systems, and access control mechanisms.

  • You have the ability to edit your account information and preferences at any time by logging into your account at

If you have questions about this site’s collection of information or its online privacy statement, contact

CALCulator Disclaimer

病例統計結果基於對明尼蘇達州尿石中心分析的超過 100 萬個樣本的資料庫中與您相似檢體的搜索。

使用 CALCuLate功能 和 CALCurad功能 以及您的專業知識來幫助預測礦物成分。 為了精確的患者管理,將實體尿結石提交給明尼蘇達尿石中心進行定量分析。

CALCurad Disclaimer

CALCuRad功能有助於確定尿石溶解是否是治療犬結石的潛在方法。 結果基於機器學習算法的分析,該算法對已知成分樣本的 15,000 多張X光照片進行了特訓。

使用 CALCuRad功能 和 CALCuLate功能 以及您的專業知識來幫助預測礦物成分。

Samples Notice

提交至明尼蘇達大學尿石中心 (「MUC」) 的生物性檢體,即成為 MUC 專屬財產,MUC 擁有檢體處置之獨立授權,包括但不限於檢體收集、研究、儲存、轉移、處置及相關資料的權利。利用檢體獲得的一切發現或發明,其知識產權皆屬 MUC 及其受讓人所有。若有意保留檢體之權利或主張檢體歸屬限制,必須在提交檢體之前或提交當時以書面載明,退還檢體須酌收費用。