Feline Xanthine


Often radiolucent when small (<2mm), these stones may require a combination of survey and contrast cystography to identify their composition. Stones become more radiopaque as their size increases.

Informations générales

Hereditary xanthinuria is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of purine metabolism caused by mutations in xanthine dehydrogenase (Type I) or molybdenum cofactor sulfarase (Type II) genes, and causes xanthine uroliths. Xanthine uroliths can also develop as an adverse effect of xanthine dehydrogenase inhibitors (allopurinol administration); however, this medication is rarely prescribed to cats. Urolith recurrence is rapid (<3 months). Many cats with hereditary xanthinuria develop nephroliths and chronic kidney disease earlier (3-6 years old) than the general population.


• Consider candidate gene (xanthine dehydrogenase and molybdenum cofactor sulfurase) sequencing for hereditary xanthinuria. • Eliminate Xanthine dehydrogenase inhibitors (e.g. allopurinol) as a cause.


• Potassium citrate if urine pH is consistently ≤6.5 (starting dose: 75mg/kg q12-24h) • Discontinue or reduce xanthine dehydrogenase inhibitors.


• Lower purine/protein foods that produce neutral to alkaline urine (e.g. k/d early support, k/d, others). If needed, feed canned therapeutic food or add water to achieve a urine specific gravity ≤1.030.


Urinalysis every 3 to 6 months to adjust pH to ≥ 6.5, and urine specific gravity ≤ 1.030. Medical imaging every 3 to 6 months to detect recurrent stones when small to potentially permit their removal without surgery.


Nous vous conseillons de consulter la documentation du fabricant concernant certains aliments thérapeutiques afin d'en déterminer les indications et les contre-indications. Pour les animaux présentant des problèmes de santé multiples, nous suggérons que le choix de l'aliment prenne en compte tous les besoins de l'animal en matière de santé.

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Feline Xanthine